Apr 20, 2024  
2021-2022 Undergraduate Academic Catalog 
2021-2022 Undergraduate Academic Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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BE 4962 - Fundamentals of Medical Imaging

1 lecture hours 0 lab hours 1 credits

Course Description
This course serves as an introduction to medical imaging systems commonly used in clinical settings.  The course covers the hardware, design, and operation of common medical imaging systems such as X-Ray and Computed Tomography as well as the fundamentals of image processing in spatial and frequency domains. Common medical imaging systems and image processing methods such as histogram analysis, image filtering, registration, and segmentation are discussed. Throughout the course, imaging concepts will be illustrated using visualization of various physiological systems commonly examined with the modality being studied. These examples will include discussion of appropriate image acquisition procedures and relevant types of imaging artifacts.  (prereq: BE 4961  (or BI 1010 , BI 1020 , BI 1030 , and BI 2040 ) or (BI 2306  and BI 2316 ))
Course Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  • Describe the basic physics of common medical imaging systems
  • Describe the hardware and operation of common medical imaging systems
  • Describe the principles of image acquisition of common medical imaging systems 
  • Describe clinical applications of common medical imaging systems
  • Describe the fundamental image processing methodologies
  • Describe the industry-standard image processing terminology used in medical imaging
  • Describe the basic principles of image registration
  • Describe the basic principles of image segmentation
  • Describe the basic principles of pattern recognition
  • Recognize and identify anatomical and physiological structures in medical images
  • Recognize common image artifacts in medical images
  • Distinguish between image artifacts and physiological findings
  • Recognize and identify common physiological abnormalities in medical images

Prerequisites by Topic
  • Basic understanding of human anatomy and physiology 

Course Topics
  • X-Ray  Radiography
  • Computed Tomography  
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging  
  • Nuclear Medicine Imaging 
  • Ultrasound  
  • Image analysis in spatial domain  
  • Image analysis in frequency domain  
  • Image registration   
  • Image segmentation  
  • DICOM image format   
  • Image visualization  
  • Anatomical and physiological presentations in X-Ray, CT, MRI, PET and Ultrasound images for common physiological systems.  
  • Distinguishing artifacts from anatomy in images from different modalities  
  • Concept and examples of anatomical variability  


Dr. Olga Imas

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