Aug 15, 2022  
2020-2021 Undergraduate Academic Catalog 
2020-2021 Undergraduate Academic Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

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CH 2050 - General Chemistry for Life Sciences

3 lecture hours 2 lab hours 4 credits
Course Description
The course introduces the fundamental concepts of chemistry. Students will learn about measurement units, elements, atoms, periodic table, and the quantitative aspects of chemistry. They will study the nature of compounds, apply gas laws to human body; learn the basis of radiochemistry and its application in nuclear medicine. Learn acid base chemistry and study of colligative properties such as osmosis. Radioactivity and its medical applications conclude the general chemistry sequence (not open to engineering majors) (prereq: high school chemistry)
Course Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
  • Conduct experiments, make observations, collect, analyze, and interpret data
  • Recognize the use of common measurement units, convert measurements done in metric system into other related units, calculate medication dosing
  • Describe the structure of atom, use the mole concept and molecular formulas
  • Locate the elements in the periodic table; recognize property trends, electron configuration
  • Draw Lewis dot structures, describe bonds, name compounds, and write formulas
  • Classify different kinds of chemical reactions, perform reaction stoichiometry
  • Identify states of matter, perform calculations based on gas laws, apply gas laws to life science situations, perform enthalpy calculations
  • Predict the solubility of substances on the basis of molecular polarity and intermolecular forces, calculate solution concentrations, Henry’s law, describe colligative properties
  • Define what are acids, bases, salts and buffers, calculate pH, blood as buffer, and learn pathologies of acidosis or alkalosis
  • Describe forms of radiation, use nuclear reaction equations and half-life, recognize health effects of radiation, use biological units red, gray and rem, describe medical uses

Prerequisites by Topic
  • None

Course Topics
  • Measurement units, interconversion of units, medication dosing: dose per kilogram body weight, drip rate of liquids, drops per minute dosing
  • Atoms and molecules: Structure of atom, isotopes, mole concept, chemical formulas
  • Periodic table: electronic configuration and property trends
  • Bonding: ionic and covalent bonding, electronegativity, polar covalent bonds
  • Chemical reactions: types of chemical reactions, decomposition, combination, replacement, ionic. Exothermic and endothermic reactions, stoichiometry
  • States of matter: liquid, solid, gas, kinetic molecular theory, gas laws, evaporation, sublimation, boiling and melting points, enthalpy
  • Solutions and colloids: solution and solubility, intermolecular forces, concentration expressions-nsmolarity, percent solution, milli-equivalent solution, solution preparation and stoichiometry, Henry’s law, colligative properties, colloids, dialysis
  • Acid and base properties of solutions, Bronsted theory, pH, strong acids, bases, salts, buffers, metabolic acidosis and alkalosis, respiratory acidosis and alkalosis
  • Radioactive nuclei, radioisotopes, nuclear reactions, half-life, effects of radiation on health, radiation units including biological units rad, gray, rem, medical imaging, medical use of radioisotopes

Laboratory Topics
  • Moles and chemical formulas
  • Chemical reactions and equations
  • Gas laws (PV and VT relationships)
  • Ionic solutions and electrolytes (IV fluids, Ringer’s, Pedialyte etc.)
  • Osmosis, dialysis
  • Hemodialysis, filtration
  • Molecular geometry and bonding
  • pH part I: Measuring pH and properties of Buffers
  • Design an experiment: creation of IV fluids for specific diseases
  • Shielding from nuclear radiation

Dr. Vipin Paliwal

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